Air Conditioner Components
Air Conditioner OverviewAs already mentioned, your air conditioner does more than just cool. It dehumidifies by reducing the volume of humid air, thereby taking a portion of its moisture. That’s the reason for pans and drains with air conditioners. It also aids in cleaning the air by removing allergen and debris particles from the airflow where they attach to the filter. The largest purpose of your air conditioner is to remove the heat from your inside air and cool it, providing the maximum indoor comfort. Looking at this side of your air conditioner, most conventional central air conditioners have a hot side, which is located outside, and a cool side, located inside. Since these air conditioners have both outdoor and indoor components, many times you’ll see your air conditioner referred to as a split-system air conditioner. In the very basest of explanations, here’s how your air conditioner works. Air conditioners transfer heat to the outside, taking it from the inside air. The compressed gas refrigerant in the system (you probably know DuPont’s Freon® refrigerant) absorbs the excess heat before it’s pumped through the piping in a closed system to an outside coil. A fan blows air over the hot coil, transferring the absorbed heat in the refrigerant to the outdoor air. The indoor air becomes cooled since the heat has been removed. The refrigerant is recooled and condensed here as a result and sent back to circulate through the system to begin the process again. There are many complex and smaller transactions throughout your air conditioning system, but this is basically how the system works.
Air Conditioner ComponentsAn air conditioner is made up of many components, but the major parts doing the heavy lifting of moving the air indoors and outdoors are the evaporator, condenser, expansion valve, and compressor. Keep in mind they’re each either located outside (the hot side) or inside (the cool side).
EvaporatorThe evaporator is located on the cool side. Its main function is to receive the liquid refrigerant. It’s paired with a fan blowing air over the chilled coils into your home. After it receives the liquid refrigerant, it converts it to gas through a drop in pressure.
CondenserThe condenser is located on the hot side. Its main function is to facilitate heat transfer. Resembling a car’s radiator in looks, it actually works the opposite of the evaporator by converting the evaporated refrigerant back into a liquid. This process is called a heat transfer, working on the principle that heat will always move from a warmer to a cooler substance.
Expansion valveThe expansion valve is located between the evaporator and condenser coils. Its main function is to regulate the refrigerant flow into the evaporator. It removes pressure from the liquid refrigerant allowing the conversion into gas to occur in the evaporator.
CompressorThe compressor is located on the hot side. Its main function is to pressurize refrigerant. The compressor is a large electric pump repressurizing the refrigerant gas to convert it back into liquid. It assists the condenser, while the expansion valve assists the evaporator.
Contact UsWhile there are additional fans, valves, sensors, and other components to your air conditioner, these four components are fundamentally the main components. If you would like to schedule air conditioning service The Tedder Company is here to help. Please call us at 615-890-4515 or request service online today!
Ballard Natural Gas Services is proud to offer services to Seattle, Shoreline, West Seattle, Capitol Hill, Lake Forest Park, Richmond Beach, Bellevue, Mercer Island, Edmonds, Mountlake Terrace and the surrounding communities. Call us at 206-784-8101 or request service online today!